Erfurt Fun Facts
The Jewish community of Erfurt was founded in 11th century and became, together with Mainz, Worms and Speyer, one of the most influential in Germany.
The erfurt was built on the same parcel as the former Great Synagogue in 1952 and is the only synagogue building erected during the GDR-period all over the former GDR.
The city's football club FC Rot-Weiß Erfurt is member of 3.
The erfurt was located near Benedict's Square, but nothing remained of this building.
The erfurt was established in 1884, because the community had became bigger and richer.
Bombed as a target of the Oil Campaign of World War II, Erfurt suffered only limited damage and was captured on 12 April 1945, by the US 80th Infantry Division.
In 1808, the Congress of Erfurt was held with Napoleon and Alexander I of Russia visiting the city.
Erfurt is located in Thuringia, Germany.
Erfurt (German pronunciation: [ˈɛʁfʊʁt] ) is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of modern Germany, located 100 kilometres (62 miles) south-west of Leipzig, 150 km (93 miles) north of Nuremberg and 180 km (112 miles) south east of Hanover. Together with neighboring cities Weimar and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants. Notable institutions in Erfurt are the Federal Labour Court of Germany, the University of Erfurt and the Fachhochschule Erfurt as well as the Roman Catholic Diocese of Erfurt with Erfurt Cathedral as one of the main sights. Further famous buildings are the Krämerbrücke, a bridge completely covered with dwellings, and Erfurt Synagogue which was established in the 11th century and is the oldest standing synagogue in Europe. Furthermore, the medieval city centre consists of old timber-framed houses and about 25 Gothic churches.
In 1392, the University of Erfurt was founded.
Erfurt's official website is http://www.erfurt.de/ef/en/
In 1349, during the wave of Black Death Jewish persecutions across Europe, the Jews of Erfurt were rounded up, with more than 100 killed and the rest driven from the city.
In the following decades Erfurt grew up to 130,000 at the beginning of World War I and 190,000 inhabitants in 1950.
The population of Erfurt was 21,000 in 1820, and increased to 32,000 in 1847, the year of rail connection as industrialization began.
Sample list of famous events happened in Erfurt:
- Capitulation of Erfurt
- Dark As Light EU mini tour 2011
- up in smoke roadfestival
- Erfurt massacre
Erfurt is connected by the Thuringian Railway to Leipzig in the east and to Frankfurt/Kassel in the west.
Erfurt's geo-coordinates are 50.9833° N, 11.0333° E.
Erfurt is about 269.17 square kilometers with a population of 189,860 in the year 1964-12-31.
List of airports near Erfurt:
- Erfurt–Weimar Airport
Industrialization in Erfurt started around 1850.
Sample list of famous people who were born in Erfurt:
- Clueso ( Record producer, Songwriter, Singer and Rapper )
- Johannes Franz Hartmann ( Physicist and Astronomer )
- Yvonne Catterfeld ( Singer, Songwriter, Actor and Musician )
- Alexander Beyer ( Actor )
- Marco Schreyl ( Presenter and Actor )
- Janin Reinhardt ( Actor )
- Max Weber ( Economist, Sociologist and Philosopher )
- Stefan Lindemann
- Clemens Fritz ( Football player )
- Erhard Etzlaub
- Silvio Smalun
- Stephan Schreck
- Boris Gulko
- André Korff
- Kristin Wieczorek
- Reinhard Gehlen
- Gerhard Schöpfel
- Alfred Weber ( Economist )
- Fritz Müller
- Ernst Gottfried Baldinger ( Physician )
- Elisabeth Pähtz
- Daniela Anschütz-Thoms ( Speed Skater )
- Jörg Dallmann ( Speed Skater )
- Robert Lehmann ( Speed Skater and Athlete )
- Matthias Höpfner ( Bobsleigher )
- Stefan Böger
- Marco Weißhaupt
- Johann Aegidius Bach
- Johann Christian Kittel
- Johannes Bach
- Johann Wilhelm Hässler
- Walter Zander
- René Wolff
- Amalia Pachelbel
- Andreas Bausewein
- Andreas Pohle
- Anja Schneiderheinze-Stöckel ( Bobsleigher and Athlete )
- Anton Dominik Fernkorn
- August Schoenborn ( Architect )
- Axel Kühn
- Christel Augenstein
- Erich Köhler
- Erich Zeigner
- Eyck Zimmer ( Chef )
- Franziska Schenk ( Speed Skater )
- Gesine Ruge
- Hans Kehr ( Surgeon )
- Johann Heinrich Hübschmann
- Hiob Ludolf
- Jochen Babock
Population of Erfurt was 189,860 in the year 1964-12-31.
Sample list of films shot in Erfurt:
Differing from the national average, the biggest groups of migrants in Erfurt are Vietnamese people, Russians and Ukrainians.
In World War II, little of Erfurt was destroyed as compared to many other cities in Germany.
Erfurt (German pronunciation: [ˈɛʁfʊʁt] ) is the capital city of Thuringia and the main city nearest to the geographical centre of modern Germany, located 100 kilometres (62 miles) south-west of Leipzig, 150 km (93 miles) north of Nuremberg and 180 km (112 miles) south east of Hanover.
The erfurt was largely extended in 1990s, but anticipations did not fulfill so that there is only rare air traffic, mostly to Mediterranean holiday regions.