Activated charcoal, also called activated carbon is obtained by burning natural materials such as wood, regular coal, peat or coconut husks. The source material is burned at a very high temperature to form a lightweight mass of carbonaceous charcoal. It means that all the oxygen was removed from source material through controlled oxidation and or processing by steam.
Thanks to this process, the charcoal expands creating a porous surface that traps toxins. From this point, we can refer to charcoal as ?activated? charcoal. Its natural ability to absorb has been boosted this way. That?s why this fine black powder has a higher efficiency and its maximum usability for the body.
How Exactly Activated Charcoal Works?
Activated charcoal chemically binds other substances to its surface and hold them there, so molecules adhere just to the surface of the activated carbon. This is called ?adsorption? (not the same as absorption where one substance is incorporated into another).
Charcoal can adsorb thousands of times its own weight. As mentioned before, it also has an incredibly large surface area due to all its pores ? one cubic inch of charcoal has the surface area equivalent to a 150,000 square-foot field which is a lot of adsorption power!
That?s why just a bit of charcoal can absorb so many toxins from our skin.
People have been using activated charcoal for thousands of years. Its detoxifying properties have been used by ancient Egyptians or Native Americans. In the early 20th century, activated charcoal was used to remove the color of sugar, was even used in World War I in gas masks to prevent soldiers from being poisoned by chemical.