Each tribe of orissa has its hill dwelling division which is different from plain dwelling or foothill dwelling or plateau dwelling. A majority of tribes of Orissa are divided into exogamous Clans , some have totemic symbols and others have non-totemic. Saoras is one of the tribes of orissa which is reported to have no clan system but a system of descent groups known as Birinda , lineage.Many clans of the tribes of orissa have totemic clans in the form of animals like elephant , monkey , birds , tigers , cobra and flutes etc.
The Housing pattern of each tribes of orissa exhibits its uniqueness of identity.The kondh settlement structure is linear , arranged in rows of Houses.The alignment of Kondh villages in relation to the shrine of earth goddess and sun god is same everywhere.The shrines dedicated to the two deities are found centrally located within the settlement placed lineally between two rows of houses. Some orissa tribes like the Munda have scattered settlement structures.
Tribes of Orissa like Bonda, Dongoria kondh , Juang , Gadaba , Koya and lanjia saora exhibit distinctiveness in their clothing, adornments , hairstyle . From the very look of a man?s wear one could know which tribe he or she belongs to.
The food habits of the tribes of orissa are quite similar to one another. yet variations are noticed in their preparation.The diet of some of the tribes of orissa are vegetables , fruits from the forests and fish which they catch from the local rivers.The tribes of Orissa pursue their subsistence economy in a variety of ways by means of small scale technologies which vary from tribe to tribe.Some tribes subsist on shifting cultivation , rice cultivation and pastoral and few others maintain nomadic or semi nomadic life style , who mostly depend on hunting a gathering of vegetables and fruits.